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Table 1 Summary of methods

From: Barriers and strategies for implementing community-based interventions with minority elders: positive minds-strong bodies

 Survey (quantitative data) N = 30Focus groups (qualitative data) N = 30In-depth interview (qualitative data) N = 20
ParticipantsCHW, ET, RAs, and site leaders that participated in stakeholder meetingSubpopulation of CHW, ET, RAs, and site leaders that participated in stakeholder meeting and volunteered for follow-up interviews
ProcedureAnonymous paper-based survey
Duration: ~  15–20 min
Two-step group discussion guided by questionnaire
1. Small focus groups based on the role (i.e., site leader, CHW, ET, RA)
Duration: ~  45 min
2. Large group discussion
Duration: ~  35 min
In-depth semi-structured interview based on an interview guide
Duration: ~  20–30 min
Individual capacitySelf-reported knowledge about the project (how intervention is delivered)
Self-reported skills (adequate training)
Resources (adequate time)
Motivation (intervention is useful to me and agency)
Awareness (agency’s involvement improves well-being of population)
N/AWould you be willing to continue to work on [exercise training] once partnering organizations are not involved?
Overall barriersN/AWhat are the greatest barriers to maintain the program?What are some of the issues that may arise for you after the trial ends to be able to continue to implement PM-SB?
Overall facilitatorsN/AWhat supports would you need to maintain the program?Is there anything you think [CHW] could do now to help ensure PM-SB continues to be implemented after the trial ends?
Emerging themesPurpose and goals of project are clear
Intervention is perceived as impactful
Adequate training and understanding of responsibilities but not enough time to fulfill them
Staff turnover is a barrier to implementation
Restructuring was disruptive leading to feelings of burnout
Trainings and intervention are successful. Capacity building strategies for long-term adoption should include adapting tools
Obtaining funds is critical for continuation of intervention
Staff turnover is a barrier to implementation, burnout and compensation are related issues
Trainings can be adapted to include a train the trainer model and continue to include methodologies that utilize: technology, role-play and cultural adaptations
Funding strategies to overcome financial obstacles such as reimbursing through Medicare and Medicaid should be implemented