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Table 1 The Reach, Efficacy/Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework

From: A digital mental health intervention to reduce depressive symptoms among overseas Filipino workers: protocol for a pilot hybrid type 1 effectiveness-implementation randomized controlled trial

Domain and outcome (example) Source
Reach
• Participant’s and decliner’s characteristics (e.g., compare sociodemographic information between participant and nonparticipant OFWs; reasons for not participating; the most effective recruitment strategy)
• Administrative data
• Open-ended questions in a questionnaire
Effectiveness
• Primary outcome (depression severity)
• Secondary outcome (anxiety and wellbeing)
• Reason for withdrawing
• Questionnaires
• Interviews and focus groups
Adoption
• Ineligibility reasons
• Barriers and enablers of SbS-F adoption into community partner’s program and recommendations for addressing barriers and maximizing adoption
• Community partner’s knowledge and beliefs about the SbS-F program
• Administrative data
• Questionnaires
• Interviews and focus groups
Implementation
• Participants’ adherence to the intervention (e.g., duration in accessing the SbS-F and reasons for missing sessions)
• Participants’ perceived benefit from the intervention
• Barriers and enablers in implementing the program and modifications needed to maximize the implementation (from participants’ and staff’s perspective)
• Relevance of the SbS-F story and techniques in participant’s lives
• Time and resources required for supporting the program (e.g., number of e-helpers needed and their total working time; e-helpers’ training, selection, and retention)
• Administrative data
• Questionnaires
• Interviews and focus groups
Maintenance
• Attrition rates
• The durability of intervention effects on depression
• Resources, strategy, and policy needed to integrate and maximize the SbS-F intervention into community partner’s program after the study ended
• Administrative data
• Questionnaires
• Interviews and focus groups