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Table 1 Site-directed external facilitation (EF) by facilitator during pre-implementation and active implementation

From: Multi-tiered external facilitation: the role of feedback loops and tailored interventions in supporting change in a stepped-wedge implementation trial

Site-directed EF episodes Site-directed EF type
Preparation and planning Stakeholder engagement Education Process monitoring Audit and feedback Networking Brainstorming solutions
  Grand total Mean per site Percent pre-implementation Total episodes %b(Total episodes (TE)/grand total (GT) Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % TE/GT
QI nurse 150a 25 7% 74 49% 5 3% 55 37% 65 43% 26 17% 71 47% 26 17%
QI physician 14a 2.3 38% 1 7% 6 43% 8 57% 5 36% 7 50% 4 29% 5 36%
Sites Grand total   Percent initiated by champion Total episodes % (total episodes (TE)/grand total (GT) Total episodes % TE/GT Total episodes % (TE/GT) Total episodes % (TE/GT) Total episodes % (TE/GT) Total Episodes % (TE/GT) Total episodes % TE/GT
101 22   23% 10 46% 0 0 11 50% 10 46% 3 14% 9 41% 4 18%
102 30   30% 18 60% 5 17% 9 30% 12 40% 5 17% 13 43% 4 13%
103 39   54% 19 49% 1 3% 12 31% 19 49% 13 33% 20 51% 12 31%
104 21   0% 8 38% 1 5% 7 33% 10 48% 0 0 8 38% 2 10%
105 22   41% 9 41% 1 5% 11 50% 8 36% 5 23% 13 59% 3 14%
106 26   7% 11 42% 3 12% 10 38% 11 42% 6 23% 12 46% 6 23%
Median (across sites) 24   30% 10.5 44% 1 5% 11 36% 11 44% 5 20% 13 45% 4 16%
  1. aFour episodes involved both QI nurse and QI physician external facilitation. Those episodes have been counted for both the QI nurse and the QI physician
  2. bPercentage of total site-directed episodes that included that type of facilitation activity (total episodes of that EF type/grand total site-directed EF episodes by EF and by site). EF episodes could involve more than one type of facilitation (e.g., an email that provided updated data [Audit and Feedback] and ideas about how to address deficiencies [Brainstorming Solutions]) so the total percentage across facilitation types will be greater than 100%