Skip to main content

Table 4 Relationship between inductive and deductive concepts

From: Comparing inductive and deductive analysis techniques to understand health service implementation problems: a case study of childhood vaccination barriers

COM-B component Deductive concepts (TDF domains) Inductive concepts (data-driven barriers)
Capability Knowledge Lack of information about vaccination, false contraindications
Skills Staff are unpleasant or poor communication, language barriers
Memory, Attention and Decision Processes Reminder notice, missed opportunities, forgot
*Behavioural Regulation Not represented
Opportunity Environmental Context and Resources First child, low income, media, distance, supply, cost, time
Social influences Social exclusion, peer influence, trust, compliance, natural immunity
Motivation Social/professional role and identity Traditional beliefs and customs, role of parent, lack of coordinated care
Beliefs about Capabilities Can control pathogens child is exposed to, lower parental satisfaction with care
*Optimism Not represented
Beliefs about Consequences Anticipated guilt, vaccine efficacy, disease severity/susceptibility, pain
Reinforcement Well-baby clinic counselling, benefit to others, vaccination delay at 3 months
*Intentions Practices about health and prevention (n=1 with lenient interpretation)
*Goals Lack of motivation (n=1 with lenient interpretation)
Emotion Anxiety about vaccination, fear of needles, psychosocial distress
  1. *Note: These 4 domains were not included in the first round of coding. Intentions and goals were later included after discussion with a very lenient interpretation of the inductive barriers to maximise the number of domains covered, given the aim of the exercise was to generate questionnaire items covering all possible behavioural influences. No inductive barriers could be interpreted as behavioural regulation or optimism