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Table 1 Clinic characteristics at baseline (N = 41)

From: Expanding access to medications for opioid use disorder in primary care clinics: an evaluation of common implementation strategies and outcomes

  N %
MOUD capability
 Start-up 25 61.0
 Scale-up 16 39.0
Rurality
 Urban/Metropolitan 34 82.9
 Rural 7 17.1
Primary care shortage
 Non-medically underserved area 25 61.0
 Medically underserved area 16 39.0
Clinic type
 FQHC 28 68.3
 FQHC Look-Alikes 2 4.9
 Ambulatory Care Clinic 7 17.1
 Indian Health Service Clinic 4 9.8
Organization patient panel size
 Small (0–14,999 patients) 15 36.6
 Medium (15,000–59,999 patients) 11 26.8
 Large (≥60,000 patients) 15 36.6
  Mean SD
General organization characteristics
 Unique patients 63,416.4 135,035.2
 Employees 909.3 2,135.1
General clinic characteristics
 Physicians 16.3 34.2
 Certified nurse practitioner 4.6 6.0
 Physician assistants 1.8 2.5
 Addiction certified physicians 0.4 0.6
 Psychiatrists 0.8 1.1
 Addiction certified psychiatrists 0.4 0.9
 Mental health & addiction certified behavioral clinicians 1.1 1.5
MOUD characteristics
 Prescribers 20.4 33.8
 X-waivered prescribers 4.9 4.7
 Active x-waivered prescribers 3.6 8.0
 X-waivered prescribers (%) 41.3 28.5
 Patients with OUD 79.1 180.3
 Patients prescribed MOUD 29.6 80.7
 Patients prescribed MOUD (%) 44.4 33.6
Insurance type
 Patients on Medicaid (%) 59 19
 Patients on Medicare (%) 12 17
 Patients with dual eligibility (%) 7 9
 Patients on private insurance (%) 8 12
 Uninsured patients (%) 16 12