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Table 2 Examples of implementation strategies implicated by identified causal mechanisms

From: Assessing Causal Pathways and Targets of Implementation Variability for EBP use (Project ACTIVE): a study protocol

Model target Examples of implicated implementation strategies
Knowledge Education/training
Attitudes Financial incentives
Norms Policy mandates, leaderboards
Self-efficacy Supervision enhancement, role-plays
Organizational culture Work-environment interventions (e.g., Availability, Responsiveness, and Continuity; ARC) [80]
Organizational climate Work-environment interventions (e.g., Availability, Responsiveness, and Continuity; ARC) [80]
Implementation climate Targeted organizational development strategies (e.g., Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation; LOCI) [81]
Resources Financial investment, resource banks
Interference Reminder prompts in electronic health records